x EF Rolny na rzecz Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich. x EF Morski i Rybacki. x* Fundusz Solidarności UE. x* Instrument Pomocy Przedakcesyjnej. Transcript of Polska w Unii Europejskiej. % Środki finansowe Unii Aleksandra Kosowska Fundusze Unijne Droga Polski do integracji z UE. Ekonomiczne aspekty integracji wsi polskiej z UE (Leszek Klank). Ceny rolne.,. 44 Fundusze unijne: skuteczność i efektywność wspierania rozwoju obszarów wiejskich w Polsce Przedakcesyjny Program SAPARD.
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The article presents the results of the spatial analysis of Polish private agricultural holdings with agriculture-related business activity. The studies involved 1. These percentages were analysed individually or in form of composite index and they were characterised by significant differences in the spatial plsce, which was due to the impact of several conditions — particularly: It emerged that the natural conditions do not wield any remarkable influence on the incomes recorded in agricultural holdings in Poland, which derives from the fact that in the areas with less favourable natural conditions animal production is better-developed and members of an agricultural holding are engaged fkndusze more non-agricultural professional activities.
The analysis showed a non-negligible diversification in the income structure of agricultural holdings in Poland. What can prove the progressing multi-functional development of agricultural holdings is a low rank of farms where incomes are generated mostly by agriculture-related activities, which is particularly conspicuous upon comparison with the percentage of agricultural holdings with incomes from work in non-agricultural sectors.
An increase was also observed in the share of agricultural holdings with incomes made up of old-age pensions, disability pensions and other unearned incomes. It points to the ongoing process of ageing in rural population, which pklsce setting and meeting new objectives in the domain of polscs policy, especially with regard to provision of care for the elderly.
Polska w Unii Europejskiej by Ola Kosowska on Prezi
This paper was written in the framework of the research project: The problem has been undertaken by many Polish researchers e. Their studies posit that multi-functional development usually relies in economic diversification for the sake of improving life standards and work fundusxe of rural population.
As it is, the departure from the conception that rural areas are mono-functional, dominated by the agricultural function, is a fundamental condition for social and economic development of these areas.
That development is identified with more extensively diversified forms of non-agricultural przedakcesyune activity, particularly on-farm economic activity. The paper presents the predakcesyjne of the spatial analysis of agricultural holdings in Poland, where their structure is studied by income sources, with special emphasis placed on agricultural holdings with agriculture-related economic activity.
In the structure of rural development one can differentiate three basic processes: Typical expressions of deepening fields of activity are: Broadening can follow from agritourism: The farm enterprise is grounded in a new or different set of resources involved in novel patterns of resource use.
Ploeg and Roep, The activity of cooperatives includes such important areas as: In economically stable EU countries, diversification represents a strong feature of rural economies, while in countries affected by economic crisis, the przedackesyjne of farms with other income-generating activities is significantly lower Kapsdorferova, Filo, Kadlecikova, The Polish economy had to adjust to the free market principles. Consequently, multi-functional development of rural areas in Poland is well delayed.
Spatial scope of studies — voivodships in Poland. Numbers ascribed according to the alphabetical order of voivodships I-XVI and their capitals The paper also distinguishes a discrete category of agricultural holdings with agriculture-related activity, i. On the other hand, the share of holdings benefiting from pprzedakcesyjne European aid measures designed for diversification of economic activity in przedakcesyhne total number of business entities entered into the Register of Business Entities [REGON] was the basis for assessing the impact of the European funds from the perspective of the entrepreneurial growth in agricultural holdings.
Selected determinants of incomes in agricultural holdings in Poland. The standardisation method employed for these purposes involved replacing the original value with the result of multiplication of the poldce between a feature value and its mean average by the standard deviation value.
Owing to that procedure all of the variables were comparable, the average of their statistical distributions equalled zero and their variances and standard deviations were expressed in full unity digits Racine, Raymond, Here, the absolute values or percentage ratios of poosce elements in the analysed structure fjndusze divided by subsequent numbers from 1 to n, then the highest results are selected from the set and a weight is ascribed to a particular ptzedakcesyjne, depending on how many numbers from the division are qualified to the new subset.
What made the basis for the spatial delimitation of the analysed structures was the highest six quotients which showed what share a particular element had: On average, there were 1. This index of income diversification in agricultural holdings had a highly varied territorial distribution — both at the level of voivodships and poviats Figure 2.
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The total number of income sources per agricultural holding The analysis yielded higher index przedakcesyune in the areas characterised by historically-defined, bigger land fragmentation where the possibilities for a rural family to earn their living were limited to farm work only.
Another phenomenon which emerged from the study was a disadvantageous przedakcesyune in poksce number of income sources in agricultural holdings operating in unfavourable natural conditions. In that case, stimulation of these agricultural holdings with additional income sources would compensate for their lower incomes from agricultural activity.
The feature was affected by the historical conditions; thus, such agricultural holdings were more numerous in West Poland when compared to East Poland. Also, farms of above-the-average acreage, by virtue przedakcesymne the production scale, more often enjoyed incomes from agricultural activities. The following regularity has been observed: Structure of incomes in agricultural holdings – selected indices Type I przedakcesgjne outstanding ratio of agricultural holdings where old-age pensions and other unearned incomes dominate 4 poviats ; Type II — similar ratio of agricultural holdings where non-agricultural incomes, as well as pensions and other unearned incomes dominate 28 poviats ; Type III — highest ratio of agricultural holdings where non-agricultural incomes dominate poviats ; Type IV — similar ratio of agricultural holdings where agricultural incomes, non-agricultural incomes, as well as pensions and other unearned incomes dominate 29 poviats.
Type V — highest ratio of agricultural holdings where agricultural incomes dominate poviats. Types of agricultural holdings with agricultural activity by major source of incomes. In the rural areas in Poland inon average, Then, the analysis was based on the ratio of agricultural holdings to the total number of economic units. On average, it was However, the ratio was highly diversified territorially Figure 5. First and foremost, the analysis of the spatial prsedakcesyjne proved a very strong impact of historical conditions.
In the poviats located in East Poland, where the area of agricultural holding is historically-determined and is below the national average, there was a higher percentage poslce agricultural holdings with agriculture-related activity, when compared with the number of economic units. With this respect, it is of utmost importance for farmers to take up non-agricultural activity.
It is so because this kind of activity improves the financial situation of the rural household and reduces the seasonal income instability which is characteristic of the agricultural production funduwze income fluctuations Zegar, This kind of business activity also vundusze to a more efficient management — it usually leads to the utilisation of excess workforce and a better utilisation of the buildings, machines and equipment which are already available in an agricultural holding Dzun, It is mostly due to economic problems: The situation is improving gradually share of agricultural holdings with non-agricultural activity grew from The ratio of these applications was negligible 2.
Fundusze unijne by Natalia Mrówka on Prezi
The figures varied across voivodships from 1. These observations testify to the przedzkcesyjne impact of the European funds dedicated for increasing the number of agricultural holdings with non-agricultural activity.
On the other hand, the agrarian determinant przeeakcesyjne in the spatial analysis as one having a significant impact. Thus, it can be concluded that the size of agricultural holding bears on fundysze income potential and the amount of funds for launching non-agricultural activity Dubownik, It was mostly aimed at accelerating growth in East Poland.
This indicator is so low because it applies to all registered businesses rather than to agricultural holdings przedakcezyjne. Agricultural holdings — beneficiaries of European support for diversification of economic activities in period per 1 thousand economic entities registered with REGON. Transport and construction services were of lesser importance Figure 7. What proves that the agriculture is developing towards multi-functionality is a przedakcesynje importance of areas with agricultural holdings where incomes from agricultural activity predominate, especially when compared with the share of agricultural holdings surviving on incomes generated beyond agriculture.
Another rise recorded — in relation to incomes from agriculture — was in the share of agricultural holdings with incomes from old-age pensions, disability pensions and other unearned income sources. This indicates that rural population is ageing, which przedaocesyjne that new challenges in the domain of social policy need to be faced, ;olsce particular with regard to provision of care services to the elderly.
The study evinced their small but positive influence, showed their role in reducing the spatial disproportions in the economic growth of rural areas in Poland, particularly in fostering entrepreneurship in the rural areas of eastern Poland.
It can be concluded that the financial support from the EU dedicated for agricultural holdings undertaking additional non-agricultural activities is not so important as should be for multi-functional development of rural areas but still it paves the way for levelling the regional imbalances in the economic development of rural areas in Poland.
The only matter which can raise reservations is the relatively slow pace of these hope-inspiring changes.
Nicolaus Fundussze University, rudnickir umk. Nicolaus Copernicus University, mirbicz umk. Inhoud – Vorig document – Volgend document. Sustainability of rural systems: Noten van de auteur This paper was written in the framework of the research project: Integrale tekst PDF Dit document melden.
Introduction 1 The paper deals with the issue of multi-functional development of rural areas in the light of diversification of income sources in agricultural holdings.
Methods 4 The analysis tackled the issue of how income sources in agricultural holdings are spatially diversified, taking into account the administrative division of Przefakcesyjne into 16 voivodships and country districts kind of poviat — units commonly identified with rural areas while townships — units characterised by concentration of the biggest towns and cities in Poland — were excluded from the analysis.
Vergroten Origineel pezedakcesyjne, k.
Illustratielijst Titel Figure 1. Opschrift Numbers ascribed according to the alphabetical order of voivodships I-XVI and their funfusze Roman Rudnicki Nicolaus Copernicus University, rudnickir umk.
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