(EPROM). The device is organized into 64K words by. 8 bits (64K bytes). Accessing individual bytes from an address transition or from power-up (chip enable. DESCRIPTION. The M is a , bit UV erasable and electrically programmable memory EPROM. It is organized as 65, words by 8 bits. MF1 STMicroelectronics EEPROM DISC BY SGS 11/95 datasheet, inventory, & pricing.

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Since the whole memory array is exposed, all the memory is erased at the same time. To retrieve data from the EPROM, the address represented by the values at the address pins of the EPROM is decoded and used to connect one word eperom an 8-bit byte of storage to the output buffer amplifiers. Shining ultraviolet light on any part of an unpackaged device causes a photocurrent to flow from efprom floating gate back to the silicon substrate, thereby discharging the gate to its initial, uncharged condition photoelectric effect.

For large volumes of parts thousands of pieces or moremask-programmed ROMs are the lowest cost devices to produce.

The erasing window must be kept covered with an opaque label to prevent accidental erasure by the UV found in sunlight or camera flashes. The programming process is not electrically reversible. International Trade Commission, ed. Stored charge on these isolated gates changed their properties.

Like EPROM chips, such microcontrollers came in windowed expensive versions that were used for debugging and program development. Archived PDF from the original on While parts of the same size from different manufacturers are compatible in read mode, different manufacturers added different and sometimes multiple programming modes leading to subtle differences in the programming process.

Each bit of the word is a 1 or 0, depending on the storage transistor being switched on or off, conducting or non-conducting. In other words, to erase your EPROM, you would first have to X-ray eepom and then put it in an oven at about degrees Celsius to anneal semiconductor alterations caused by the X-rays.

The effects of this process on the reliability of the part would have required extensive testing so they decided on the window instead. The switching state of the field-effect transistor is controlled by the voltage on the control gate of the transistor.


It was soon found that small-volume production was economical with EPROM parts, particularly when the advantage ee;rom rapid upgrades of firmware was considered. Views Read Edit View history. Erasure, however, has to be accomplished by non-electrical methods, since the gate electrode is not accessible electrically.

EPROM Datasheet

Once programmed, an EPROM can be erased by exposing it to strong ultraviolet light source such as from a mercury-vapor light.

Development of the EPROM memory cell started with investigation of faulty integrated circuits where the gate connections of transistors had broken. Because higher-density parts have little exposed oxide between the layers of interconnects and gate, ultraviolet erasing becomes less practical for very large memories. Cambridge University Press, p.

Even dust inside the package can prevent some cells from being erased. This page 2712 last edited on 8 Novemberat Retrieved from ” https: Magnetic tape Hard disk drive. Eeeprom the quartz window is expensive to make, OTP one-time programmable chips were introduced; here, the die is mounted in an opaque package so it cannot be erased after programming — this also eliminates the need to test the erase function, further reducing cost.

Photons of the UV light cause ionization within the silicon oxide, which allow the stored charge on the floating gate to dissipate.

ST Microelectronics

Non-volatile memory Integrated circuits Computer memory. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Commons category link from Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

Presence of a voltage on this gate creates a conductive channel in the transistor, switching it on. The first generation devices were fabricated with the p-MOS techology.

Each field-effect transistor consists of a channel in the semiconductor body of the device. Computer memory that can retrieve stored data after a power supply has been turned off and back on is called non-volatile.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The floating-gate electrode has no connections to other parts of the integrated circuit and is completely insulated by the surrounding layers of oxide.

27512 EPROM

Source and drain contacts are made to regions at the end of the channel. Exposure time for sunlight of one week or three years for room fluorescent lighting may cause erasure. However, as this was not universal, programmer software also would allow manual setting of the manufacturer and device type of the chip to ensure proper programming. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This creates an avalanche discharge of electrons, which have enough energy to pass through the insulating oxide layer and accumulate on the gate electrode.


EPROMs had a limited but large number of erase cycles; the silicon dioxide around the gates would accumulate damage from each cycle, making the chip unreliable after several thousand cycles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Digital Design and Fabrication. This method of erasure allows complete testing and correction of a complex memory array before the package is finally sealed. Initially, it was thought that the EPROM would be too expensive for mass production use and that it would be confined to development only. Storing data in the memory requires selecting a given address and applying a higher voltage to the transistors.

Leaving the die of such a chip exposed to eperom can also change behavior in eeprpm ways when moving from a windowed part used for development to a non-windowed part for production.

EPROM – Wikipedia

It is an array of floating-gate transistors individually programmed by an electronic device that supplies higher voltages eeprkm those normally used in eeporm circuits. In effect, the stored charge on the floating gate allows the threshold voltage of the transistor to be programmed.

Often this label was foil-backed to ensure its opacity to UV. The process takes several minutes for UV lamps of convenient sizes; sunlight would erase a chip in weeks, and indoor fluorescent lighting over several years.

When the high voltage is removed, the electrons are trapped on the electrode. EPROM programming is slow compared to other forms of memory.