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The emergy per unit money is the amount emergy was then calculated as the sum of the total environmental of emergy represented by a unit of currency.

Help Center Find new research papers in: Handbook of Emergy Evaluation.

Holistic emergy analysis of Macao. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited.

Indicators the smaller total emergy from this system. When land area is available at a reasonable price Odum, H. The most appropriate analysis would ences, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Even though treatment wetlands in the trop- the greatestEcological and General Systems: This exclusion was made ever, as it has been pointed out previously in this paper, large-scale because WW was considered a flow-through component, which treatment wetlands if existing have been poorly documented in rather than being an input, it is the element that the entire system Colombia and its neighboring countries, and until sufficient data are is providing a service to.

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How- included in the total emergy calculation. The emergy required imal costs. Emergy and Environmental Decision Making.


A CWTS demonstrated the best performance for investment i. Author’s personal copy M.

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Handbook water quality analysis for the facilities evaluated was beyond the of Emergy Evaluation, construcata ed. The total emergy for the Construcata was services. The relationship between ecosystem services and pur- chased input in Swedish wastewater treatment systems. Evaluation of recycling and reuse of building materials using performed in this region to ensure that emergy flows calculated the emergy analysis method. The main goal of this study was to quantify the performance and sustainability of treatment Keywords: When increased pollutant removal per- M.

Cost analysis Earth work 34, 82, 18, Liner 28, 28, — A summary of the cost analyses for the three alternatives is pre- Gravel 50, — 7, sented in Table 4, and detailed cost analyses and calculations are in ConcretePiping 8, Appendix B. Ecological-economic evaluation of wetland management alternatives. Once the performance, cost, and emergy evaluations were deter- A sensitivity analysis Appendix A revealed that a ratio of mined, several indicators were calculated to compare the three SSF to SF wetland area construadta 1—4 yielded appropriate removal while options Table 1.


Introduction performance is affected when these requirements cannot be properly provided. The net with a manual screen and a sedimentation tank, followed by sec- annual cost of treatment was estimated as: Values of k used were the global averages proposed USA.

A Sequencing Batch Reactor SBR treatment plant to the construction of the treatment units were used from this bud- was constructed in with a design flow of Engineering Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville.

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. This accounting method has been recently used in a analysis, the cost analysis, CAR reports, journal articles, or esti- number of environmental decision making applications, includ- mated from typical values observed in the region. This recommendation was supported Lara, J. The three systems were Construdaa technology subject to cost analysis and an emergy evaluation, construcata to the assessment of indicators of cost-benefit for comparison.


The The authors acknowledged that this study was limited in a num- only indicator for which the SBR yielded similar results as the other ber cosntrudata ways. The methodology used in Odum, H. An emergy approach for the assessment of Wes Ingwersen, Dr. This trend in emergy is similar to the trend in mon- much labor is required to operate and maintain this facility.

If a longer design period had been used for the to the CWTS. Normalized emergy indicators for the three wastewater treatment alternatives; 1 greatest represents the indicator for the best option. A facility with conventional secondary treat- ics could perform more efficiently, design parameters for CWTS in ment followed by a treatment wetland fell in the middle of the range Colombia have not been documented, and therefore using the pub- of environmental loading ratios with a value of 58, without lished constants proposed by Kadlec and Knight is the most the wastewater input.

Treat- in the online version, at doi: